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Cancer. 1996 Oct 1;78(7 Suppl):1592-7.

American Indian women's talking circle. A cervical cancer screening and prevention project.

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1
University of California at Berkeley, School of Public Health, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cervical cancer is important to American Indian women due to high mortality and low survival rates compared with other ethnic groups. This article describes the development and implementation of a culturally acceptable cervical cancer screening program in urban and rural American Indian health clinics in California.

METHODS:

A team of researchers used social learning theory, research data, and focus groups to design a cervical cancer screening program. The major component of the program was the adaptation of a culturally acceptable mode of communication called Talking Circles. The American Indian Talking Circle project used the Talking Circle format, coupled with traditional Indian stories, as a vehicle to provide cancer education and to improve adherence to cancer screening. Eight American Indian clinics were randomly assigned into intervention and control sites (n = 400 women). The intervention was administered to 200 Indian women 18 years and older in four American Indian clinics; four additional American Indian clinics (n = 200 women) served as control sites.

RESULTS:

Preliminary results from the research show that American Indian women responded favorably to a culturally framed education project. Initial reports indicate that health-related information is accepted and acted on when it is coupled with cultural information that is presented in a sensitive manner. Final evaluation of the project is forthcoming.

CONCLUSIONS:

Utilizing a culturally acceptable intervention has the potential to improve the health status of American Indian Women.

PMID:
8839577
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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