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Mol Membr Biol. 1996 Apr-Jun;13(2):67-79.

Protein:protein interactions in the lipid bilayer (review).

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Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Glasgow, UK.


At least four different types of interaction between protein transmembrane helices have been described to date. These include the use of charge-pair interactions that can play a positive or negative role in the assembly of multi-subunit complexes such as the T cell receptor, or recruit signal transducing accessory molecules in the case of some Fc receptors. Inter-helix hydrogen bonds have been shown to play an important role in the constitutive activation of certain proto-oncogenes, whereas helix:helix interfaces stabilized solely by van der Waals contacts mediated by non-polar residues also exist. The fourth type of interaction is an inter-chain disulphide linkage which is dependent on a buried charged residue. A role for glycine residues in several of these mechanisms is also suggested. In addition, the use of disulphide mapping to further explore protein:protein interactions within the lipid bilayer is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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