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Biol Reprod. 1996 Jan;54(1):60-9.

Association of oviduct-specific glycoproteins with human and baboon (Papio anubis) ovarian oocytes and enhancement of human sperm binding to human hemizonae following in vitro incubation.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago 60612, USA.

Abstract

The objectives of this study were 1) to determine whether or not human and baboon oviduct-specific glycoproteins (human OGP, baboon OGP) would associate with ovarian oocytes during in vitro incubation in a manner similar to that detected in vivo for oviductal oocytes and 2) to determine whether the association of OGP with ovarian oocytes influenced sperm binding. In vitro association of OGP with ovarian oocytes was assessed by indirect immunofluorescence assay using a polyclonal antibody prepared against human or baboon OGP. Human and baboon ovarian oocytes incubated in culture media containing OGP showed association of OGP with the zona pellucida (ZP) as detected by bright fluorescence. A similar pattern of fluorescence was observed in baboon oviductal oocytes (positive control). No fluorescence of the ZP was detected from ovarian oocytes incubated with culture medium alone. The pattern of fluorescence for ovarian oocytes incubated with OGP and serum albumin, the major oviductal fluid protein, was similar to that for oocytes incubated with OGP alone. A modified hemizona assay was used to assess whether association of human OGP with human ovarian oocytes influenced sperm binding. The number of sperm bound to hemizonae in the presence of human OGP was significantly greater (p < 0.01) than the number bound to hemizonae in the control culture medium. Addition of antibodies specific for human OGP to the incubation medium 1 h prior to addition of gametes blocked the enhancement of sperm binding seen in the presence of human OGP alone. Finally, human hemizona assays conducted in the presence of baboon OGP resulted in a significant decrease (p < 0.05) in the number of sperm bound per zona compared with that in culture medium alone despite high homology between human and baboon OGP. These results 1) suggest that human OGP associates with ovulated oocytes in vivo; 2) support the hypothesis that association of OGP with the ZP may play a role in fertilization, possibly through enhancing the binding of sperm to the ZP within the oviduct; and 3) suggest that a homologous system (i.e., gametes and oviductal glycoprotein from the same species) is necessary for study of the function of oviductal glycoproteins.

PMID:
8838001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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