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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1996 Oct 1;209(7):1275-9.

Intervertebral disk disease in dogs with signs of back pain alone: 25 cases (1986-1993).

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  • 1Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the population characteristics, historical, clinical, and diagnostic findings; and treatment outcome of dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) whose only clinical signs were those of back pain.

DESIGN:

Retrospective case series.

ANIMALS:

Dogs with IVDD and clinical signs of back pain only, without neurologic deficits, in which survey radiography of the vertebral column and diagnostic myelographic studies were performed.

PROCEDURE:

Review of the medical record, evaluation of survey radiographs of the vertebral column, evaluation of myelograms and estimation of apparent extent of spinal cord compression, and follow-up information provided by telephone contact with owners.

RESULTS:

Spinal cord compression was detected on myelography in 20 of 25 (80%) dogs. Treatment included decompressive surgery in 18 of 25 (72%) dogs and all dogs underwent intervertebral disk fenestration. The condition was improved in 24 of 25 (96%) dogs after surgery.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:

Dogs with thoracolumbar IVDD that have clinical signs of back pain alone, without neurologic deficits, may have substantial compression of the spinal cord.

PMID:
8837650
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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