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Res Virol. 1996 Jul-Aug;147(4):203-11.

Immunological identification of Tacaribe virus proteins.

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Centro de VirologĂ­a Animal, Serrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Tacaribe virus (TV), an arenavirus, is an enveloped virus with genetic information encoded in two segments of single-stranded RNA. The completed sequence of TV led to the identification of four open reading frames (ORF). In order to establish a direct link between ORFs in the sequence of TV and proteins present in virus particles and virus-infected cells, segments of the molecularly cloned TV genome were engineered so as to be expressed in Escherichia coli to produce fusion proteins that were used to raise antisera. The antisera were in turn employed to identify the TV gene products. Serum to the putative nucleocapsid (N) protein reacted with a 68-kDa protein, both in TV particles and in the infected cells. Sera raised to the glycoprotein precursor (GPC) immunoprecipitated two proteins of 68 and 70 kDa from infected cell lysates. Analysis of GPC synthesis in the presence of tunicamycin revealed that the unglycosylated GPC appeared as two polypeptides of 43 and 46 kDa. The putative RNA polymerase gene product (L) was detected as a approximately 240-kDa protein. Serum to the small zinc-binding domain protein (p11-Z) recognized a protein of approximately 11kDa. Immunological evidence is presented that in addition to N and L, two glycoproteins (GP1 and GP2) and p11-Z are structural components of Tacaribe virions.

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