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Heart Lung. 1996 Jul-Aug;25(4):288-94.

Home-based, upper-arm exercise training for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA 15213, USA.

Abstract

Prior studies demonstrate the ability of upper extremity training to increase arm strength and endurance when incorporated into a pulmonary rehabilitation program. However, patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may have transportation or mobility problems that make it difficult to travel to a rehabilitation site to obtain this training. This pilot study was designed to determine whether a home-based, upper-arm exercise program could increase arm strength and endurance, and decrease perceptions of breathlessness and fatigue during five activities of daily living. Twenty patients with severe COPD (FEV1 0.80 +/- 0.42) were randomized to an experimental (n = 10) or control group (n = 10). The experimental-group training included three upper arm exercises five times a week for 8 weeks, with training level incremented during weekly home visits. Control-group subjects were contacted weekly to equalize attention from health care providers. During the upper-extremity endurance test for number of rings moved, no significant differences between groups were seen for interaction or treatment. However, there was a significant interaction between treatment and time for perceived fatigue (p = 0.0012), with the experimental group perceiving less fatigue during upper arm work than did the control group. No change was seen in perceived breathlessness. Findings of this study suggest that a home-based, upper-arm exercise program can reduce perceptions of fatigue for patients with severe COPD during activities involving upper arm work. Testing in a larger sample is indicated to determine whether this training can also improve ability to perform unsupported arm work.

PMID:
8836744
DOI:
10.1016/s0147-9563(96)80064-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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