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J Leukoc Biol. 1996 Sep;60(3):365-71.

Human recombinant monocyte chemotactic protein and other C-C chemokines bind and induce directional migration of dendritic cells in vitro.

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Intramural Research Support Program, SAIC Frederick, National Cancer Institute-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Maryland, USA.


Because dendritic cells (DC) are the most potent antigen-presenting cells involved in many pathophysiological responses, we investigated the effect of chemokines on the migration of these cells in an effort to determine whether chemokines may contribute to the initiation of immune responses. CD34+ progenitor cells isolated from umbilical cord blood were grown in suspension cultures with cytokines and expanded 50- to 100-fold. A variable proportion of the cells expressed markers consistent with DC. The proportion of CD1a+ DC was increased when the cells were cultured with interleukin-4 (IL-4). These cells expressed specific binding sites for C-C and C-X-C chemokines. Cells cultured with or without IL-4 had similar binding profiles. All C-C chemokines tested, including monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP1 alpha), MIP-1 beta, and RANTES, induced migration of DC-enriched cells cultured with or without IL-4 with MCP-3 being the most potent chemoattractant. Phenotypic analysis of cell migrating in response to C-C chemokines showed that CD1a+ cells were indeed attracted across the polycarbonate filters, and there was no preferential attraction of contaminating CD14+ monocytes by C-C chemokines. DC-enriched cells also expressed specific binding sites for IL-8 and NAP2, which failed to induce cell migration. Our results suggest that C-C chemokines may participate in the recruitment of DC to amplify host defense.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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