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Microb Pathog. 1996 Jul;21(1):35-45.

Monoclonal antibodies against fimbrial subunits of colonization factor antigen I (CFA/I) inhibit binding to human enterocytes and protect against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli expressing heterologous colonization factors.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Göteborg University, Sweden.


Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) bind to enterocytes in the small intestine by means of antigenically distinct colonization factors (CFs). By immunizing with isolated subunits of CFA/I fimbriae we have previously produced monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that cross-react immunologically in vitro with several CFs. Two of these MAbs [S(subunit)-CFA/ I 17:8 and S-CFA/I 5:6] were found to significantly inhibit the binding of ETEC strains expressing either homologous or heterologous CFs, i.e. CFA/I and CS4, to isolated human jejunal enterocytes. The two MAbs also conferred passive protection against fluid accumulation in rabbit ileal loops caused by CFA/I-as well as CS4-expressing ETEC strains. Immunoelectron microscopy studies showed that both MAbs bound specifically to CFA/I as well as to CS4 fimbriae expressed on bacteria. These results indicate the possibility to induce anti-CF antibodies that can protect against ETEC infection caused by bacteria expressing not only homologous but also heterologous CFs, by immunizing with fimbrial subunits.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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