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Can J Vet Res. 1996 Jan;60(1):34-9.

Stimulation of osteoclast-like cell formation by Pasteurella multocida toxin from hemopoietic progenitor cells in mouse bone marrow cultures.

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Groupe de Recherche sur les Maladies du Porc (GREMIP), Faculty of Veterinary Medecine, University of Montreal, St-Hyacinthe, Québec.


The effects of purified Pasteurella multocida toxin (PMT) on osteoclast formation from hemopoietic progenitor cells were studied using an in vitro system. Mononuclear adherent mouse bone marrow cells were cultured for 7 or 14 days in the presence of PMT, or 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3, or both. Mononuclear osteoclast-like cells, which are postmitotic osteoclast precursor cells, were identified as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive mononuclear cells possessing calcitonin receptors. Multinucleated osteoclast-like cells were TRAP-positive multinuclear cells with calcitonin receptors. The results demonstrate that, as does 1,25(OH)2D3, Pasteurella multocida toxin stimulates proliferation of adherent bone marrow mononuclear cells (progenitor cells), and their differentiation into postmitotic mononuclear osteoclast precursor cells. It also causes fusion of the latter into multinuclear osteoclasts; however, the number of osteoclasts obtained with PMT is smaller than with 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3.

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