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Microb Pathog. 1995 Oct;19(4):215-25.

Outer membrane protein CD of Branhamella catarrhalis: sequence conservation in strains recovered from the human respiratory tract.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases, State University of New York at Buffalo, USA.

Abstract

Branhamella catarrhalis causes lower respiratory tract infections in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The outer membrane protein CD (OMP-CD) of B. catarrhalis is a major, heat-modifiable OMP. The goals of this study are to characterize the degree of conservation of OMP-CD among strains and to investigate if OMP-CD maintains its homogeneity under the effect of host immune selective pressure. Isolates of B. catarrhalis were collected prospectively from patients with bronchiectasis and chronic bronchitis. We studied the OMP-CD gene by analysis of PCR restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP) and further determined DNA sequence of the CD gene of eight selected isolates. Five patterns of PCR-RFLP of the OMP-CD gene were observed among all isolates when the gene was digested with Sau3AI. The sequence analysis revealed a high degree of homogeneity in OMP-CD among strains of B. catarrhalis. Three regions of OMP-CD with minimal sequence heterogeneity were identified. The sequences of the OMP-CD gene of isolates collected from patients colonized with the same strain for up to 6 months was identical. These observations establish that the OMP-CD of B. catarrhalis recovered from clinical isolates is highly conserved among strains.

PMID:
8825909
DOI:
10.1016/s0882-4010(95)90272-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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