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Mol Microbiol. 1996 Jan;19(2):397-405.

The TraB protein, which mediates the intermycelial transfer of the Streptomyces plasmid pSN22, has functional NTP-binding motifs and is localized to the cytoplasmic membrane.

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International Center for Biotechnology, Japan.


The traB gene on the Streptomyces conjugative plasmid pSN22 is required for intermycelial plasmid transfer and the mobilization of chromosomal markers (Cma). The predicted amino acid sequence of TraB contains one Walker type-A and two type-B NTP-binding motifs. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that the type-A motif and one of the type-B motifs, 109 amino acid residues downstream of the type-A motif, were essential for both plasmid transfer and Cma. The second type-B sequence could be changed without any phenotypic effect. A modified traB gene was constructed, resulting in the production of a functional protein with an amino-terminal c-Myc epitope tag for immunological analysis. This protein was associated with the cytoplasmic membrane, suggesting that TraB is a membrane protein that uses energy from ATP hydrolysis to transport DNA between mycelia. The c-Myc tagging of TraB decreased the efficiency of intramycelial plasmid spread, suggesting that TraB is involved in both inter- and intramycelial transfer processes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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