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Mol Microbiol. 1995 Dec;18(5):821-30.

Cloning and characterization of the genes encoding the hemolysin of Haemophilus ducreyi.

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Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Seattle 98195, USA.


We previously identified a heat- and protease-labile haemolytic activity expressed by Haemophilus ducreyi. In order to characterize the haemolysin at the molecular level, genomic DNA from H. ducreyi was probed with haemolysin genes from other Gram-negative organisms. The haemolysin genes of Proteus mirabilis hybridized to H. ducreyi DNA suggesting that the haemolysin of H. ducreyi is related to the Proteus/Serratia pore-forming family of haemolysins. Tn916 mutagenesis was employed to isolate haemolysin-deficient mutants. Approximately 5000 Tn916 transposon mutants were screened for the loss of haemolytic activity and two mutants were identified. One mutant, designated 35,000-1, was further characterized. Sequences flanking the Tn916 element in strain 35,000-1 were employed to identify clones from a lambda DASHII library of H. ducreyi strain 35,000 DNA. A 13 kb insert from one lambda clone was selected for further study. This 13 kb fragment was able to both confer haemolytic activity to Escherichia coli and complement the haemolysin deficiency in strain 35,000-1. The haemolysin gene cluster was cloned from this 13 kb insert and two genes, designated hhdA and hhdB, were identified. The derived amino acid sequence of these genes demonstrated homology to the haemolysin and activation/secretion proteins of P. mirabilis and Serratia marcescens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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