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Clin Infect Dis. 1996 Jan;22(1):30-5.

Oral fluconazole compared with bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of fungal urinary tract infections in elderly patients.

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Department of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York 10467, USA.


Fungal urinary tract infections are increasingly prevalent in the elderly in acute and chronic care settings. This randomized trial compares the efficacy and safety of oral fluconazole with the efficacy and safety of bladder irrigation with amphotericin B for treatment of funguria (> or = 10,000 cfu/mL of urine) in 109 hospitalized elderly patients. A second treatment course was given for persistent funguria. Indwelling bladder catheters were present in 69% of the patients. While Candida albicans was the predominant isolate from catheterized patients, C. albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Torulopsis glabrata were recovered from noncatheterized patients. Two days after completion of treatment, funguria was eradicated in 96% of the patients treated with amphotericin B and 73% of those treated with fluconazole (P < .05). At 1 month after study enrollment, the mortality rate associated with all causes was greater among patients who were treated with amphotericin B bladder irrigation than among those who received oral fluconazole therapy (41% vs. 22%, respectively; P < .05); this finding suggests that local therapy may be associated with poorer survival. The proportion of patients without funguria at 1 month after study enrollment was similar in the two treatment groups (84%, amphotericin B group; 80%, fluconazole group). A few minor and mild adverse events occurred.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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