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J Biol Chem. 1996 Oct 18;271(42):26329-34.

Phosphorylation of tyrosine 397 in focal adhesion kinase is required for binding phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase.

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Cancer Biology Laboratories, Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.


We have shown previously that cell adhesion or platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) promotes the in vivo association of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) with phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase. In vitro experiments indicated that this interaction was mediated by the p85 subunit of PI 3-kinase and dependent on the tyrosine phosphorylation of FAK. Here we report data suggesting that the major autophosphorylation site of FAK (Tyr-397) is the binding site for the SH2 domains of p85 in vitro and is also required for the association of FAK with PI 3-kinase in vivo. We also show that Tyr-397 is responsible for the increased FAK:PI 3-kinase association upon PDGF stimulation, implying that no additional site of FAK was involved in its binding to PI 3-kinase after PDGF stimulation. Finally, we present evidence that the interaction of PI 3-kinase with Tyr-397 of FAK stimulates its activity. Together, these results suggest that FAK activation and autophosphorylation at Tyr-397 may lead to its association with PI 3-kinase through the SH2 domains of p85, which can subsequently activate PI 3-kinase during cell adhesion.

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