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Arch Microbiol. 1996 Oct 17;166(4):211-23.

Anoxygenic phototrophy across the phylogenetic spectrum: current understanding and future perspectives

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1
DSMZ-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH, Mascheroder Weg 1B, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany

Abstract

The phylogenetic heterogeneity of anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria has been revealed by 16S rRNA sequence analysis, the results of which have led to extensive taxonomic rearrangements within previously defined taxa of phototrophs and stimulated interest in this group of organisms. Anoxygenic photosynthetic bacteria can be found within 4 of the 12 phylogenetic lineages, and in some cases are highly related to non-photosynthetic members of these groups. The largest number of phototrophs are found in the class Proteobacteria. Comparative phylogenetic analysis using 23S rDNA sequences generally supports the topology obtained from 16S rDNA sequences. The photosynthetic reaction centers are conserved in all photosynthetic bacteria, and are of two types. One is shared by the Proteobacteria and Chloroflexus aurantiacus and is similar to Photosystem II of cyanobacteria, while heliobacteria and Chlorobium and relatives possess a reaction center similar to the cyanobacterial Photosystem I. These similarities are supported by sequence analysis of core reaction center peptides, but contradict phylogenies reconstructed from rRNA sequence analysis. Genome analysis by means of physical mapping has been performed for only three species of anoxygenic phototrophs. Some conservation of operon structure and gene sequence has been found within the Proteobacteria, but does not extend to other phototrophs.

PMID:
8824144
DOI:
10.1007/s002030050377

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