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Brain Res. 1995 Dec 24;705(1-2):125-35.

Pathway across blood-brain barrier opened by the bradykinin agonist, RMP-7.

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Laboratory of Neurobiology, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


The route taken by lanthanum (MW 139) across cerebral endothelium was delineated when the blood-brain barrier was opened by RMP-7, a novel bradykinin agonist. Balb C mice were infused through a jugular vein with LaCl3 with or without RMP-7 (5 micrograms/kg). Ten minutes later, the brains were fixed with aldehydes and processed for electron microscopy. The patency of the junctions between endothelial cells was estimated by counting the number of junctions penetrated by LaCl3. Tracer penetrated the junctions in about 25% of microvessels in vehicle infused, control mice and about 58% in the RMP-7 group, where more junctions per vessel were also penetrated. The LaCl3 then penetrated the basal lamina in about 20% of all microvessels in the RMP-7 group, versus 0.50% in the control group. From the basal lamina, the tracer entered perivascular spaces in about 13% of all microvessels in the RMP-7 group and about 0.07% in the controls. Very few endocytic pits or vesicles in the RMP-7 group were labeled, so LaCl3 did not cross endothelium by transcytosis. The increased number of tight junctions penetrated by tracer and its spread into periendothelial basal lamina and interstitial clefts indicated, therefore, a paracellular route of exudation in the RMP-7 treated animals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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