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Brain Res. 1995 Dec 24;705(1-2):85-90.

GABAergic inhibitory inputs to subfornical organ neurons in rat slice preparations.

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Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.


To investigate GABAergic inhibitory inputs to neurons of the subfornical organ (SFO), intracellular recordings were made in rat brain slice preparations. Inhibitory postsynaptic potentials, which occurred spontaneously or were evoked by focal electric stimulation, had reversal potentials of approximately -60 mV, and were almost totally abolished by the GABAA antagonists bicuculline at 3-100 microM or picrotoxin at 50 microM. Following the application of bicuculline or picrotoxin, the resting membrane potentials were decreased by 4-8 mV. GABA at 10-100 microM and the GABAA agonist muscimol at 1-100 microM decreased the membrane resistance and the firing rate in all neurons tested. The reversal potential of the response to muscimol was similar to that for inhibitory postsynaptic potentials. The actions of muscimol persisted in the presence of 1 microM tetrodotoxin, implying that muscimol must act directly on the recorded neurons. These results suggest that there is a tonic inhibitory GABAergic input to SFO neurons which are mainly mediated through GABAA receptors.

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