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Plant Physiol. 1996 Mar;110(3):945-55.

SGR1, SGR2, SGR3: novel genetic loci involved in shoot gravitropism in Arabidopsis thaliana.

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Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Japan.


In higher plants shoots show a negative gravitropic response but little is known about its mechanism. To elucidate this phenomenon, we have isolated a number of mutants with abnormal shoot gravitropic responses in Arabidopsis thaliana. Here we describe mainly three mutants: sgr1-1, sgr2-1, and sgr3-1 (shoot gravitropism). Genetic analysis confirmed that these mutations were recessive and occurred at three independent loci, named SGR1, SGR2, and SGR3, respectively. In wild type, both inflorescence stems and hypocotyls show negative gravitropic responses. The sgr1-1 mutants showed no response to gravity either by inflorescence stems or by hypocotyls. The sgr2-1 mutants also showed no gravitropic response in inflorescence stems but showed a reduced gravitropic response in hypocotyls. In contrast, the sgr3-1 mutant was found to have reduced gravitropic responses in inflorescence stems but normal gravitropic responses in hypocotyls. These results suggest that some genetic components of the regulatory mechanisms for gravitropic responses are common between inflorescence stems and hypocotyls, but others are not. In addition, these sgr mutants were normal with respect to root gravitropism, and their inflorescence stems and hypocotyls could carry out phototropism. We conclude that SGR1, SGR2, and SGR3 are novel genetic loci specifically involved in the regulatory mechanisms of shoot gravitropism in A. thaliana.

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