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Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 1996;104(3):228-34.

Value of ICA512 antibodies for prediction and diagnosis of type 1 diabetes.

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1
Diabetes Research Institute, Academic Hospital Müchen-Schwabing, Germany.

Abstract

ICA512 was isolated from an islet cDNA expression library and was identified as transmembrane protein closely related to the T-cell tyrosine phosphatase CD45. In order to determine the frequency of antibodies (ab) to ICA512, we tested sera of 124 newly diagnosed type 1 diabetic patients (IDDM) and 30 patients with long standing IDDM, 44 non-diabetic first degree relatives (FDR) with positive ICA or IAA, and 76 healthy control subjects using an ELISA. The mean +/- SD that we obtained in our control population was 4.1 +/- 3.9 U and a cut-off of 16 U was defined as normal range (mean + 3 SD). Of newly diagnosed diabetic patients and patients with long standing IDDM, 32% and 23% respectively had positive ICA512-ab with a mean of 22 +/- 33 U (vs controls p < 0.001) and 14 +/- 14 U (p < 0.01). Of antibody-positive first degree relatives, 36% were found to have elevated ICA512-ab with a mean of 24 +/- 41 U (p < 0.01). In relatives with multiple follow-up samples, ICA512-ab were found to be constantly positive or negative in 86% of cases, whereas fluctuation of ICA512-ab positivity occurred in five relatives in which three developed positive ICA512-ab and two lost ICA512-ab positivity during follow-up. Of ICA512-ab + relatives, 76% progressed to clinical type 1 diabetes within 5 years of follow-up, whereas only 24% developed diabetes in the ICA512-ab negative group (p < 0.01). ICA512-ab were more frequent in newly diagnosed diabetic children below age 15 years (p < 0.02) and in patients with positive ICA (p < 0.001) or positive IAA (p < 0.02). There was, in contrast, no correlation of ICA512-ab with GADA. One patient with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes exclusively exhibited ICA512-ab. In conclusion, these results suggest that ICA512-ab are related to autoimmune type 1 diabetes and useful as an additional screening marker for the prediction of type 1 diabetes.

PMID:
8817240
DOI:
10.1055/s-0029-1211447
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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