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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1996 Sep 6;1303(1):56-62.

Regulation of gene expression for lipogenic enzymes in the liver and adipose tissue of hereditary hypertriglyceridemic, insulin-resistant rats: effect of dietary sucrose and marine fish oil.

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Institute of Experimental Endocrinology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic.


Hypertriglyceridemia is closely linked to insulin resistance. Increased dietary intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids reverses both hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance. To evaluate molecular mechanisms responsible for the hypotriglyceridemic effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, the expression of genes for lipogenic enzymes in liver and white and brown adipose tissue was estimated in hereditary hypertriglyceridemic rats which underwent an euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp. Before the clamp, animals were fed a basal or a high (63%) sucrose diet with or without fish oil for two weeks. Results were compared to data obtained from control animals subjected to the identical protocol. In hereditary hypertriglyceridemic rats, gene expression for malic enzyme was increased in liver and in brown adipose tissue but not in white adipose tissue. The high sucrose diet raised malic enzyme mRNA levels in liver of both hereditary hypertriglyceridemic and control rats, and this effect was more pronounced in brown adipose tissue. Supplementing the high sucrose diet with fish oil led to a suppression of malic enzyme gene expression in liver and brown adipose tissue of control rats. However, this inhibitory effect was not as pronounced in the hereditary hypertriglyceridemic rats. Raised levels of fatty acid synthase mRNA in liver and brown adipose tissue of control rats fed high sucrose diet were suppressed by consumption of diet high in n-3 fatty acids. On the other hand, in hereditary hypertriglyceridemic rats fed high sucrose diet, fish oil supplementation failed to suppress increased levels of fatty acid synthase mRNA in liver and in brown adipose tissue. It appears that hereditary hypertriglyceridemic rats have elevated levels of mRNA for lipogenic enzymes in liver and brown adipose tissue and dietary control leading to an alteration of hypertriglyceridemia influences gene expression of lipogenic enzymes only under special dietary circumstances.

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