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Am J Clin Pathol. 1996 Sep;106(3):325-31.

Solitary fibrous tumor of the soft tissue. An immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study.

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First Department of Pathology, University of Tokushima School of Medicine, Japan.


Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare spindle cell neoplasm of adults that usually arises in the pleura, recently reported in other locations. The authors describe three cases of solitary fibrous tumors in adults that occurred as circumscribed masses in the somatic soft tissue, including the arm, back, and abdomen. Histologically, they were characterized by a proliferation of spindle cells separated by thick bands of collagen and prominent vascularity often showing a hemangiopericytoma-like pattern. The spindle cells, having low mitotic figures and little nuclear atypicality, exhibited a variety of growth patterns, including storiform, fascicular and herringbone, and nuclear palisading. Vimentin and CD34 immunoreactivities were observed in many spindle cells of all tumors. They had ultrastructural features of fibroblast and myofibroblast in two cases examined. Solitary fibrous tumors seem to represent distinct mesenchymal neoplasms that require us to identify their unusual location other than the pleura and be familiar with their histologic appearances for arriving at the correct diagnosis.

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