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Arch Biol Med Exp (Santiago). 1987;20(3-4):371-8.

Function, structure and evolution of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase.

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Department of Biological Chemistry and Structure, University of Health Sciences, Chicago Medical School, Illinois 60064, USA.


The hydrolysis of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to fructose-6-phosphate is a key reaction of carbohydrate metabolism. The enzyme that catalyzes this reaction, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, appears to be present in all forms of living organisms. Regulation of the enzyme activity, however, occurs by a variety of distinct mechanisms. These include AMP inhibition (most sources), cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation (yeast), and light-dependent activation (chloroplast). In this short review, we have analyzed the function of several fructose-1,6-bisphosphatases and we have made a comparison of partial amino acid sequences obtained from the enzymes of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Escherichia coli, and spinach chloroplasts with the known entire amino acid sequence of a mammalian gluconeogenic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. These results demonstrate a very high degree of sequence conservation, suggesting a common evolutionary origin for all fructose-1,6-bisphosphatases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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