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Ann Intern Med. 1996 Oct 1;125(7):541-8.

Cost-effectiveness of interferon-alpha and conventional chemotherapy in chronic myelogenous leukemia.

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  • 1Information Technology Program, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the cost-effectiveness of interferon-alpha with that of hydroxyurea as initial therapy for patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase.

DESIGN:

A decision analysis and Markov model that described the natural history of the therapeutic process. The Markov model contained two treatment arms (interferon-alpha and hydroxyurea) and eight states of health (complete hematologic remission with cytogenetic response, complete hematologic remission without cytogenetic response, partial hematologic remission, chronic phase without hematologic remission, accelerated phase, blast crisis, bone marrow transplantation, and death). Probabilities, costs, and utilities were obtained from published clinical studies and clinical investigators.

MEASUREMENT:

Quality-adjusted years of life saved and costs and qualities discounted at 5% per year.

SETTING:

University medical centers in North America and Europe.

PATIENTS:

Meta-analysis of results from patients studied in clinical trials.

RESULTS:

The model's predictions of median survival (69 months with interferon-alpha therapy and 58 months with hydroxyurea therapy) were derived from data in the recent literature. In patients 50 years of age, interferon-alpha improved life expectancy over hydroxyurea by approximately 18 months. The marginal cost-effectiveness of interferon-alpha (incremental discounted cost of interferon-alpha compared with that of conventional therapy) was $34800 per quality-adjusted year of life saved. The model was sensitive to the monthly cost of interferon-alpha therapy (if the cost of interferon-alpha is reduced by one third, the cost-effectiveness becomes $19300 per quality-adjusted year of life saved) but was not particularly sensitive to the costs associated with blast crisis or bone marrow transplantation. The other significant variable was quality of life during therapy with interferon-alpha; when this measure was varied from 70% to 100% of the quality of life during hydroxyurea therapy, cost-effectiveness changed from $123200 to $25620 per quality-adjusted year of life saved. When the quality of life associated with interferon-alpha was less than 62% of the quality of life associated with hydroxyurea, the discounted quality-adjusted life expectancy with interferon-alpha was less than that with hydroxyurea.

CONCLUSION:

Compared with hydroxyurea, interferon-alpha is, in most clinical scenarios, a cost-effective initial therapy for patients with chronic-phase CML who can tolerate the drug.

PMID:
8815752
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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