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Metab Brain Dis. 1996 Mar;11(1):81-8.

Alterations of thiamine phosphorylation and of thiamine-dependent enzymes in Alzheimer's disease.

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Neuroscience Research Unit, Hôpital Saint-Luc (University of Montreal), Que., Canada.


There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that thiamine neurochemistry is disrupted in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Studies in autopsied brain tissue from neuropathologically proven AD patients reveal significantly reduced activities of the thiamine phosphate dephosphorylating enzymes thiamine diphosphatase (TDPase) and thiamine monophosphatase (TMPase) as well as the thiamine diphosphate-dependent enzymes, pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (alpha KGDH) and transketolase. Reductions in enzyme activities are present both in affected areas of AD brain as well as in relatively well conserved tissue. Decreased TDP concentrations and concomitantly increased TMP in autopsied brain tissue from AD patients and in CSF from patients with Dementia of the Alzheimer Type suggests that CNS thiamine phosphorylation-dephosphorylation mechanisms are disrupted in AD. alpha KGDH is a rate-limiting enzyme for cerebral glucose utilization and decreases in its activity are associated with lactic acidosis, cerebral energy failure and neuronal cell loss. Deficiencies of TDP-related metabolic processes could therefore participate in neuronal cell death mechanisms in AD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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