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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1996 May;77(2):173-82.

Families of adenylate cyclase genes in Trypanosoma brucei.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Free University of Brussels, Rhode Saint Genèse, Belgium.


Four genes for adenylate cyclase have been characterized in Trypanosoma brucei. One of them, esag 4 (for expression site associated gene 4) is present in different VSG (variant surface glycoprotein) gene expression sites and, thus, is only expressed in the bloodstream form of the parasite. The others, termed gresag 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3 (for genes related to esag 4) are expressed in both bloodstream and procyclic forms. In addition, we cloned a esag 4-related gene from T. congolense. Here we characterize the genomic organization of gresag 4.1 and 4.3. While gresag 4.3 is unique, gresag 4.1 exists as a multigenic family of at least nine members located on a 3-Mb chromosome. Six of them are clustered in a region of 300 kb, three copies being tandemly linked. The determination of the nucleotide sequence of a conserved 1.6 kb PstI fragment demonstrated the presence of two separate subgroups in this family. This gene arrangement is present in different isolates of T.b. brucei/rhodesiense/gambiense. Several gresag 4.1 copies are transcribed in both bloodstream and procyclic forms.

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