Send to

Choose Destination
J Struct Biol. 1996 May-Jun;116(3):335-44.

Mapping and measuring DNA to protein ratios in mammalian sperm head by XANES imaging.

Author information

Physics Department, State University of New York at Stony Brook 11794, USA.


We have used XANES imaging, which combines X-ray absorption near edge spectral features (XANES) with 50-nm-resolution X-ray microscopy, to examine the content and distribution of DNA and protein in mature sperm cells. Sperm nuclei from five different species of mammals were examined; these species were chosen for analysis because their sperm contain marked differences in their protamine 1 and protamine 2 contents. The data we've obtained for bull, stallion, hamster, and mouse sperm suggest that the total nuclear protein to DNA ratio is similar in the sperm of many eutherian mammals. Since protamine constitutes the majority of the sperm nuclear protein, these results indicate that the total protamine content of sperm chromatin must be constant among mammalian species, independent of the extent of expression of the protamine 2 gene.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center