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Protein Expr Purif. 1996 Aug;8(1):85-90.

A novel collection of accessory factors associated with yeast RNA polymerase II.

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Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Genetics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, 80262, USA.


A relatively simple subset of general transcription factors is sufficient for transcript initiation by RNA polymerase II. However, a recently identified "holoenzyme" contains additional accessory proteins required for mediating signals from some activators (Y-J. Kim et al., 1994, Cell 77, 599-608; A. Koleske and R. Young, 1994, Nature 368, 466-469). By immobilizing RNA polymerase II and associated proteins (RAPs) from a transcriptionally active yeast extract, we have identified a novel collection of proteins distinct from those found in the holoenzyme. The eluted RAP fraction did not contain the holoenzyme components Srb2,4,5 + 6p, Gal11p, or Sug1p, but did include the known transcription factors TFIIB and TFIIS and the three subunits of yeast TFIIF (Ssu71p/Tfg1p, Tfg2p, and Anc1p/Tfg3p). Also isolated as RAPs are two proteins (Cdc73p and Paf1p) with interesting connections to gene expression. Mutations in CDC73 and PAF1 affect cell growth and the abundance of transcripts from a subset of yeast genes (X. Shi et al., Mol. Cell. Biol., 1996 16, 669-676). The RAP fraction may therefore define one or more functional forms of RNA polymerase II distinct from the activator-mediating holoenzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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