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Anal Biochem. 1996 Aug 1;239(2):200-7.

Multimode high-performance liquid chromatography of fluorescently labeled oligosaccharides from glycoproteins.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, 94143-0446, USA.


A polymeric, secondary amine stationary phase was used to develop a method for the separation of 2-aminobenzamide (AB)-labeled neutral and anionic oligosaccharides from glycoproteins. Sequential hydrophilic interaction liquid and anion exchange chromatography were performed in the same chromatographic analysis (multimode HPLC) and unambiguous separation between neutral and anionic oligosaccharides was accomplished. Improved resolution was also achieved. The oligomannosidic-type structures from bovine ribonuclease B (Man4GlcNAc-AB-Man9GlcNAc-AB) were separated not only by size, but also by the branch location of terminal Manalpha(1 --> 2)-linked residues. Sialylated lactosamine-type oligosaccharides from human alpha1 acid glycoprotein were resolved according to charge, Fuc content, and the number of Galbeta(1 --> 4)Galbeta(1 --> 3) repeats. The minor fucosylated and polylactosamine species were well separated from the major sialylated tetra-antennary oligosaccharides. Volatile mobile phases were used to minimize sample handling for matrix assisted laser desorption mass spectrometric analysis of peak fractions. Novel polylactosamine structures (3-5 repeats) from alpha1-acid glycoprotein were deduced from the molecular weight analysis. Multimode HPLC should prove useful for preparing low pmol quantities of fluorescently labeled oligosaccharides with fewer steps and minimal sample handling for mass spectrometric analysis, important requisites for structural studies of sample-limited glycoproteins.

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