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J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1996 Jul;23(1):8-12.

Variables related to urinary calcium excretion in young girls.

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U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)/Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.


The relations among dietary and calcium kinetic factors and 24-h urinary mineral excretion were evaluated in a group of 89 healthy girls (51 white and 38 black) aged 4.9-16.7 years. Nutrient intakes were calculated for each participant using a weighed intake of all food and beverage on the day of the 24-h urine collection study and two subsequent 24-h food records. A significant relation was noted between urinary calcium and sodium excretion (r = 0.55; p < 0.0001). No significant relations were found between urinary calcium and (a) calcium intake (r = 0.08), (b) protein intake (r = 0.14), or (c) phosphorus intake (r = 0.11). Urinary calcium was not significantly related to fractional calcium absorption (r = 0.03) or net calcium absorption (r = 0.11), but was significantly associated with the bone calcium deposition rate (r = 0.24; p < 0.03). Using a multiple regression model, both urinary sodium and the bone calcium deposition rate were independent predictors of urinary calcium excretion in this population (r = 0.57; p = 0.0001). A substantial number of the children in this population had urinary calcium excretion > 4 mg/kg/day (12%). The incidence of hypercalciuria differed between the racial groups and was markedly higher in the white than in the black children (17.6 vs. 5.3%). Over a range of usual calcium intakes, during the rapid-bone-growth period in childhood and early adolescence, urinary calcium appears relatively unaffected by calcium intake and is most strongly associated with urinary sodium levels.

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