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Hemoglobin. 1996 May;20(2):103-12.

Hb Sun Prairie: diagnostic pitfalls in thalassemic hemoglobinopathies.

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MRC Molecular Haematology Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, England.


We report an Asian Indian family in which two daughters have Hb Sun Prairie, a known unstable alpha 2-globin variant [codon 130, GCT-->CCT; alpha 2 130(H13)Ala-->Pro beta 2]. While the homozygous probands have chronic hemolysis-the same phenotype as previously reported, the heterozygous parents are asymptomatic with a thalassemia carrier phenotype, distinct from the chronic hemolytic state previously described in a heterozygote. Unlike the earlier cases in which family studies were not available, this family clearly exhibits autosomal recessive inheritance, unusual amongst variants within the same region of helix H. Globin chain biosynthesis ratios initially suggested a beta-thalassemic hemoglobinopathy-this was excluded by normal sequence analysis of both beta-globin genes. This case report further illustrates the complexity of phenotypes in the thalassemic hemoglobinopathies. It also demonstrates inversion of the alpha/beta-globin chain biosynthesis ratio, a phenomenon which had been noted in other alpha-globin variants and can be a confounding factor in the investigation of thalassemic hemoglobinopathies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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