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J Biol Chem. 1996 Oct 11;271(41):25569-74.

Activation of protein-tyrosine phosphatase SH-PTP2 by a tyrosine-based activation motif of a novel brain molecule.

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Mitsubishi Kasei Institute of Life Sciences, 11 Minamiooya, Machida, Tokyo 194, Japan.


BIT (a brain immunoglobulin-like molecule with tyrosine-based activation motifs) is a brain-specific membrane protein which has two cytoplasmic TAMs (tyrosine-based activation motifs). Using the Far Western blotting technique, we detected association of a 70-kDa protein with the tyrosine-phosphorylated TAMs of BIT. A mouse brain cDNA library in lambdagt11 was screened for this association, and two positive clones encoding tyrosine phosphatase SH-PTP2 were isolated. SH-PTP2 has two SH2 domains and is believed to function as a positive mediator in receptor tyrosine kinase signaling. SH-PTP2 and BIT were coimmunoprecipitated from phosphorylated rat brain lysate, and BIT was a major tyrosine-phosphorylated protein associated with SH-PTP2 in this lysate. This interaction was also observed in Jurkat T cells transfected with BIT cDNA depending on tyrosine phosphorylation of BIT. Bisphosphotyrosyl peptides corresponding to BIT-TAMs stimulated SH-PTP2 activity 33-35-fold in vitro, indicating that two SH2 domains of SH-PTP2 simultaneously interact with two phosphotyrosines of BIT-TAM. Our findings suggest that the tyrosine phosphorylation of BIT results in stimulation of the signal transduction pathway promoted by SH-PTP2 and that BIT is probably a major receptor molecule in the brain located just upstream of SH-PTP2.

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