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Yeast. 1996 Jun 15;12(7):653-65.

Functional characterization of the repeated UASINO element in the promoters of the INO1 and CHO2 genes of yeast.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University of Chicago, IL 60153, USA.


In yeast, INO1 and CHO2 gene expression is subject to repression in response to inositol and choline supplementation. The response by both genes to inositol is controlled by a single set of regulatory factors and the highly conserved and repeated UASINO element (consensus: 5' CATGTGAAAT 3') that is found in multiple copies in both promoters. However, none of the native elements found in the INO1 and CHO2 promoters constitutes an exact match to the consensus element and the functionality of individual elements from these two promoters has not been tested. In this study, the function of individual putative UASINO elements from both promoters was tested by placing promoter fragments into a reporter construct which lacked a UAS element but contained the TATA element and start of transcription from the yeast CYC1 gene fused to the Escherichia coli lacZ gene. In addition, a set of oligonucleotides containing the consensus UASINO element with the first position systematically modified was also tested for UASINO function. These studies indicated that elements that contain a C or an A as the first base at the 5' end are functional to varying degrees. The majority of potential UASINO elements from the INO1 promoter were found to be inactive, whereas all of the elements from the CHO2 promoter tested were active. These results are discussed in light of the differential regulation of the two promoters.

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