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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1996 Jul;52(3):159-73.

Manifestations of the local gastric immune response in gnotobiotic piglets infected with Helicobacter pylori.

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Department of Veterinary Biosciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA.


Helicobacter pylori, a human gastric bacterial pathogen, was inoculated into gnotobiotic piglets and manifestations of the resultant gastric inflammation was analyzed by in situ immunochemistry and flow cytometric analysis of isolated lamina propria leukocytes (LPL) and peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) recovered from infected and control piglets. Gastric mucosa tissue sections from uninfected control piglets were essentially negative for cluster differentiation- (CD-) positive leukocytes. Failure to isolate significant numbers of LPL from the gastric lamina propria confirmed this observation. A local and systemic immune response occurs in piglets after infection with H. pylori. This is manifest by the appearance of cells associated with a local immune response in gastric mucosa. In gastric tissue sections from H. pylori-infected piglets, CD4-positive leukocytes were sparse and closely associated with developing lymphoid follicles whereas the CD8-positive cellular phenotype was abundant. The latter formed a continuous band in the lamina propria just above the muscularis mucosa. Perivascular accumulations of lymphocytes in the outer muscular tunic(s) were strongly positive for expression of CD8 antigen. Class II-positive cells were prominent in CD8 lymphocytic infiltrates, developing follicles and vascular endothelia but were uniformly absent from gastric epithelia even in sites overlying areas of immunocyte proliferation and infiltration. Leukocytes possessing the monocyte and granulocyte markers were rare. Plasma cells containing IgA were common in the periphery of developing lymphoid follicles or distributed as discrete foci around individual gastric pits. Fewer numbers of IgG- and IgM-positive plasma cells were identified. When the LPL flow cytometry data were compared with the flow cytometry data obtained from PBL in these same H. pylori-infected piglets, leukocytes bearing the CD8 marker predominated in LPL whereas leukocytes bearing the CD4-reactive and MHC class II markers predominated in PBL. Finally, local ELISA antibody responses were measured in mucosal explant culture supernatants and compared with in vivo antibody levels in sera, bile, and gastric juice. Antibody activity, specific for H. pylori, was detected in supermatants and serum in all three isotypes in actively infected piglets whereas gastric juice lacked antibodies. Gastric explants prepared from piglets in which infection had been successfully eradicated failed to produce local antibody into supermatant fluids. These data support the concept that the gastric inflammation observed is mediated by local immunological events.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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