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Neurosci Lett. 1996 Jun 14;211(1):45-8.

alpha-1-antichymotrypsin interaction with A beta (1-40) inhibits fibril formation but does not affect the peptide toxicity.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40536, USA.


Recent studies have shown that senile plaque-associated or glial-derived proteins can prevent fibril formation of beta-amyloid peptide (A beta), while increasing the neurotoxicity of the latter (in the case of glutamine synthetase, apolipoprotein J or thrombin). alpha-1-Antichymotrypsin (ACT) is a glial-derived protein associated with senile plaques in the Alzheimer's brain. In this report we show that ACT, a minor protein component of beta-amyloid deposits, is able to inhibit A beta (1-40) aggregation into fibrils, but unable to modulate the toxicity of A beta (1-40) in primary rat hippocampal cell cultures. These results are discussed in terms of the potential role of glial-derived proteins on A beta aggregation and neurotoxicity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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