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J Oral Pathol Med. 1996 Apr;25(4):157-62.

IL-1 alpha and IL-6 production by oral and skin keratinocytes: similarities and differences in response to cytokine treatment in vitro.

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Clinical Academic Group of Oral Medicine and Dental Diagnostic Science, University Dental Hospital of Manchester, England.


IL-1 alpha and IL-6 are important pro-inflammatory and immunomodulatory cytokines and their production by oral (OK) and skin keratinocytes (SK) was compared. OK and SK produced IL-1 alpha, but not IL-6, constitutively. TNF alpha stimulation increased IL-1 alpha production by both cell types and exhibited synergy with interferon gamma (IFN gamma), although the latter had no effect by itself. In contrast, both cell types produced IL-6 in response to TNF alpha, IFN gamma or IL-4, and IFN gamma and IL-4 exhibited synergy with TNF alpha. For all cytokines the levels of IL-6 production were greater for OK than SK and OK, but not SK, produced IL-6 in response to IL-1 alpha stimulation. In addition, the IL-6 response to IL-4 stimulation was more rapid for OK than SK. These observations may explain the similarities and differences in wound healing and immuno-inflammatory diseases affecting the skin and oral mucosa.

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