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J Med Chem. 1996 Sep 13;39(19):3806-13.

A novel series of (phenoxyalkyl)imidazoles as potent H3-receptor histamine antagonists.

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Department of Chemistry, Christopher Ingold Laboratories, University College London, UK.


[[(4-Nitrophenyl)X]alkyl]imidazole isosteres (where X = NH, S, CH2S, O) of previously described [[(5-nitropyrid-2-yl)X]ethyl]imidazoles (where X = NH, S) have been synthesized and evaluated for H3-receptor histamine antagonism in vitro (Ki for [3H]histamine release from rat cerebral cortex synaptosomes) and in vivo (ED50 per os in mice on brain tele-methylhistamine levels). Encouraging results led to the synthesis and testing of a novel series of substituted (phenoxyethyl)- and (phenoxypropyl)imidazoles. From the latter, 4-[3-(4-cyanophenoxy)propyl]-1H-imidazole (10a, UCL 1390; Ki = 12 nM, ED50 = 0.54 mg/kg) and 4-[3-[4-(trifluoromethyl)-phenoxy]propyl]-1H-imidazole (10c, UCL 1409; Ki = 14 nM, ED50 = 0.60 mg/kg) have been selected as potential candidates for drug development. For 16 [(aryloxy)ethyl]imidazoles the relationship between in vitro and in vivo potency is described by the equation log ED50 = 0.47 log Ki + 0.20 (r = 0.78).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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