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J Med Chem. 1996 Sep 13;39(19):3712-22.

Design, synthesis, and evaluation of 2 beta-alkenyl penam sulfone acids as inhibitors of beta-lactamases.

Author information

1
Preclinical Research, F. Hoffmann-LaRoche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

A general method for synthesis of 2 beta-alkenyl penam sulfones has been developed. The new compounds inhibited most of the common types of beta-lactamase. The level of activity depended very strongly on the nature of the substituent in the 2 beta-alkenyl group. The inhibited species formed with the beta-lactamase from Citrobacter freundii 1205 was sufficiently stable for X-ray crystallographic studies. These, together with UV absorption spectroscopy and studies of chemical degradation, suggested a novel reaction mechanism for the new inhibitors that might account for their broad spectrum of action. The (Z)-2 beta-acrylonitrile penam sulfone Ro 48-1220 was the most active inhibitor from this class of compound. The inhibitor enhanced the action of, for example, ceftriaxone against a broad selection of organisms producing beta-lactamases. The organisms included strains of Enterobacteriaceae that produce cephalosporinases, which is an exceptional activity for penam sulfones.

PMID:
8809160
DOI:
10.1021/jm9601967
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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