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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1996 Sep 11;1308(3):189-92.

Cloning and characterization of the tyrB gene from Salmonella typhimurium.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Osaka Medical College, Japan.

Abstract

We found a gene homologous to tyrB, which encodes aromatic amino acid aminotransferase (ArAT, EC2.6.1.57) in Escherichia coli, in the genome of Salmonella typhimurium IFO 13245. The S. typhimurium tyrB product consists of 397 amino acid residues. The amino acid sequence shows 87.9% identity with that of E. coli ArAT, but shows lower identity (42.3%) with that of E. coli aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT, EC2.6.1.1). When the S. typhimurium tyrB gene was expressed in an E. coli mutant whose intrinsic tyrB gene had been inactivated, the activity of transaminating tyrosine and phenylalanine could be recovered, indicating that the S. typhimurium tyrB gene product possesses transamination activities similar to those of the E. coli ArAT. Elucidation of the molecular features of a new ArAT may be helpful for structural and functional analyses of ArAT and AspAT with regard to the different but overlapping substrate specificity of the two enzymes.

PMID:
8809108
DOI:
10.1016/0167-4781(96)00113-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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