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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1996 Sep 15;143(1):77-82.

Comparative methodology to investigate the presence of Escherichia coli K-12 strains in environmental and human stool samples.

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Institut für Molekulare Infektionsbiologie, Würzburg, Germany.


This study was undertaken to evaluate the specificity and efficiency of different methods to detect Escherichia coli K-12 strains. Another aim was to determine the frequency of E. coli K-12 strains among wild-type E. coli isolates from different sources. The detection of K-12 strains was performed both genotypically by K-12 specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and on the basis of phenotypical tests. In addition, the genome structures of E. coli strains were characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The most specific results could be obtained by the genotypical tests PCR and PFGE as well as by the K-12 specific phage assay. In total, 131 stool and 95 water isolates as well as 14 K-12 derivatives were examined by the different methods. No E. coli K-12 strains were detected among the wild-type isolates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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