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Oncogene. 1996 Sep 5;13(5):883-9.

Dominant negative inhibition of the association between beta-catenin and c-erbB-2 by N-terminally deleted beta-catenin suppresses the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells.

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Pathology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.


Aberrant tyrosine phosphorylation of beta-catenin inactivates the E-cadherin-mediated cell adhesion and invasion suppressor system in cancer cells. Elucidation of the association between beta-catenin and c-erbB-2 protein prompted us to investigate whether interference with this interaction can change the invasive phenotype. In a human gastric cancer cell line, TMK-1, N-terminally deleted beta-catenin, which binds to c-erbB-2 but not to cadherin, inhibited the association between endogenous beta-catenin and c-erbB-2 protein, and suppressed the tyrosine phosphorylation of beta-catenin. Cells expressing truncated beta-catenin exhibited markedly reduced invasiveness in vitro and peritoneal metastasis in vivo, and developed an epithelial morphology. These results suggest that tyrosine phosphorylation of beta-catenin regulated by c-erbB-2 protein may play an important role in the invasion, metastasis and morphogenesis of cancer cells and that inhibition of the aberrant tyrosine phosphorylation of beta-catenin effectively prevents invasion and metastasis of cancer cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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