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J Cell Biochem Suppl. 1996;24:269-75.

Monoclonal antibody alpha IR-3 inhibits non-small cell lung cancer growth in vitro and in vivo.

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Department of Microbiology, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC 20037, USA.


The ability of monoclonal antibody (mAb) alpha IR-3 to interact with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells was investigated. MAb alpha IR-3 inhibited specific binding of 125I-IGF-I and 125I-alpha IR-3 to a panel of 8 NSCLC cell lines with high affinity (IC50 = 200 and 50 ng/ml, respectively). 125I-alpha IR-3 bound with high affinity (Kd = 40 ng/ml) to a single class of sites (Bmax = 8,000/cell) using NCI-H838 cells. 125I-alpha IR-3 was internalized when exposed to NCI-H838 or H1299 cells at 37 degrees C but not 4 degrees C. alpha IR-3 immunoprecipitated major 90 and 130 kD proteins. IGF-I stimulated and alpha IR-3 inhibited the clonal growth of NCI-H1299 cells. alpha IR-3 slowed the growth of NCI-H157 and H838 xenografts in nude mice. In a biodistribution study 125I-alpha IR-3 was preferentially localized to the tumor as opposed to other organs. These data suggest that IGF-I may be a regulatory agent in NSCLC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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