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J Immunol. 1996 Sep 15;157(6):2498-505.

Interval mapping of quantitative trait loci controlling humoral immunity to exogenous antigens: evidence that non-MHC immune response genes may also influence susceptibility to autoimmunity.

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Center for Mammalian Genetics, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA.


IgG Ab titers elicited to bovine rhodopsin in CFA differ 8- to 10-fold between H2s identical inbred strains A.SW/snJ (high responder) and SJL/snJ (low responder). This variation in IgG Ab titer resulted from a dramatic difference in the rise in Ab titer occurring during the maturation of the T-dependent humoral immune response. To determine the positions of non-MHC genes controlling this quantitative variation in T-dependent humoral immune responsiveness, 206 reciprocal (A.SW/snJ x SJL/snJ)F2 female progeny were immunized and assayed for anti-rhodopsin responsiveness. The genomes of these progeny were screened with 115 polymorphic simple sequence repeat markers covering >90% of the mouse genome. interval mapping analysis localized the positions of these non-MHC immune response genes to genomic intervals on chromosomes 1, 5, and 13. Interestingly, these three intervals coincide exactly with three intervals recently shown to contain genes contributing to susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus and/or the production of autoimmune anti-dsDNA Abs. These results suggest that some genes affecting levels of humoral immune responsiveness to exogenous Ag may also play a role in genetic susceptibility to humoral autoimmune diseases. Analyses of the modes of inheritance demonstrated that high responder alleles were inherited from both parental genomes, indicative of epistatic interactions among genes influencing humoral immune responsiveness.

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