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Structure. 1996 Jan 15;4(1):21-32.

Structure of the regulatory domain of scallop myosin at 2 A resolution: implications for regulation.

Author information

1
Rosenstiel Basic Medical Sciences Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02254-9110, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In contrast to the myosins of vertebrate skeletal muscle, molluscan myosins are regulated molecules whose enzymatic activity is switched on by the direct binding of Ca2+. The head portion (S1) of the molecule consists of a motor domain and a regulatory domain (RD) containing a 'regulatory' and an 'essential' light chain (RLC and ELC, respectively). The structures of scallop myosin RD with bound Ca2+, as well as the S1 fragment of chicken skeletal muscle myosin, have been determined previously to 2.8 A resolution.

RESULTS:

We have determined the structure at 2.0 A resolution of scallop myosin RD with bound Ca2+. The unusual coordination at the specific Ca(2+)-binding site in the ELC has now been clarified, as has the structural basis for Mg2+ binding to the RLC. A comparison of the scallop RD structure with that in the chicken S1 structure shows differences in the bending of the two RDs in two different places.

CONCLUSIONS:

Based on these structural results, a model for regulation is proposed in which the Ca(2+)-bound RD is a rigid structure, and transient flexibility of the Ca(2+)-free RD allows the myosin heads to make stabilizing intramolecular linkage which shut off the motor.

PMID:
8805510
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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