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Curr Biol. 1996 May 1;6(5):570-9.

Bud10p directs axial cell polarization in budding yeast and resembles a transmembrane receptor.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, 7 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.



The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can bud in two spatially programmed patterns: axial or bipolar. In the axial budding pattern, cells polarize and divide adjacent to the previous site of cell separation, in response to a cell-division remnant, which includes Bud3p, Bud4p and septin proteins. This paper investigates the role of an additional component of the cell-division remnant, Bud10p, in axial budding.


The sequence of Bud10p predicts a protein that contains a single trans-membrane domain but lacks similarity to known proteins. Subcellular fractionations confirm that Bud10p is associated with membranes. Bud10p accumulates as a patch at the bud site prior to bud formation, and then persists at the mother-bud neck as the bud grows. Towards the end of the cell cycle, the localization of Bud10p refines to a tight double ring which splits at cytokinesis into two single rings, one in each progeny cell. Each single ring remains until a new concentration of Bud10p forms at the developing axial bud site, immediately adjacent to the old ring. Certain aspects of Bud10p localization are dependent upon BUD3, suggesting a close functional interaction between Bud10p and Bud3p.


Bud10p is the first example of a transmembrane protein that controls cell polarization during budding. Because Bud10p contains a large extracellular domain, it is possible that Bud10p functions in a manner analogous to an extracellular matrix receptor. Clusters of Bud10p at the mother-bud neck formed in response to Bud3p (and possibly to an extracellular cue, such as a component of the cell wall), might facilitate the docking of downstream components that direct polarization of the cytoskeleton.

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