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Curr Biol. 1996 May 1;6(5):588-97.

Stimulation of actin stress fibre formation mediated by activation of phospholipase D.

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1
Institute for Cancer Studies, University of Birmingham Medical School, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TH, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Agonist-stimulated phospholipase D (PLD) catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine, generating the putative messenger phosphatidate (PA). Proposed functions for PA, and hence for PLD, include kinase activation, the regulation of small molecular weight GTP-binding proteins, actin polymerization and secretion. It has not been possible to define a physiological function for PLD activation as it is generally stimulated together with other signalling pathways, such as those involving phospholipases A2 and C, phosphatidylinositide (PI) 3-kinase and the p21(ras)/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascade.

RESULTS:

We report that, in porcine aortic endothelial (PAE) cells, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) stimulated PLD activity and rapidly generated PA in the absence of other phospholipase, PI 3-kinase or MAP kinase activities. PLD activation was controlled by a tyrosine kinase-regulated pathway. LPA also stimulated actin stress fibre formation, but was inhibited by butan-1-ol; the alcohol also reduced the accumulation of PA. The addition of PA to cells did not stimulate PLD activity, but did cause stress fibre formation in a manner that was insensitive to butan-1-ol. Stimulation of stress fibre formation by LPA and PA was sensitive to genistein, and was inhibited by micro-injection of the Rho-inhibiting C3 exotoxin into PAE cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study provides the first clear demonstration of a physiological role for PLD activity. In PAE cells, the stimulation of actin stress fibre formation was a consequence of PA generation and, therefore, PLD activation. The results suggest that PA generation is upstream of Rho activation, and imply a role for PLD in the regulation of Rho-mediated pathways.

PMID:
8805276
DOI:
10.1016/s0960-9822(02)00545-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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