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Growth Factors. 1996;13(1-2):141-9.

Molecular cloning of two novel transmembrane ligands for Eph-related kinases (LERKS) that are related to LERK-2.

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Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia.


A search of the nucleic acid database of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) revealed several partial cDNA sequences that could encode proteins homologous to the ligands for Eph-related kinases (LERKs). Oligonucleotides designed from the ESTs were used to probe a human brain cDNA library and obtain overlapping clones that encoded two different novel LERKS (NLERK-1 and NLERK-2). NLERK-1 and NLERK-2 are most closely related to human LERK-2/Elk-ligand and they form a subclass of LERKs that contain a transmembrane domain and a conserved cytoplasmic domain. Full-length NLERK-1 was expressed as a glycosylated membrane protein in COS cells and was not secreted into the medium. Full-length NLERK-2 was similarly expressed in COS cells but both membrane-bound and a truncated, proteolytically-released form were detected. Engineered forms of both NLERK-1 and NLERK-2 lacking transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains were also expressed in COS cells and each was detected in the extracellular medium.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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