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Chemotherapy. 1996 Jul-Aug;42(4):248-52.

Reduced susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus to cetylpyridinium chloride and chlorhexidine.

Author information

1
Section of Infectious Disease, New Mexico Regional Federal Medical Center, Albuquerque 87108, USA.

Abstract

Sensitivities of 120 strains of Staphylococcus aureus to methicillin, cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) and chlorhexidine (CH) were measured by the agar dilution technique. The MICs for CPC and CH were < or = 2 micrograms/ml in 93 and 83% of methicillin-sensitive S. aureus, respectively, and > 2 micrograms/ml in 81 and 83% of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), respectively. Overall, the MICs for CPC and CH were 5-10 times greater in the methicillin-resistant than in the methicillin-sensitive strains (p < 0.001). The MICs for CPC and CH also predicted the relative susceptibilities of S. aureus strains to the bactericidal action of these agents in growth and time-kill studies. The possibility that antiseptics and disinfectants contribute to the selection and maintenance of multiply resistant MRSA is considered.

PMID:
8804791
DOI:
10.1159/000239451
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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