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Mol Gen Genet. 1996 Aug 27;252(1-2):61-8.

Cloning and sequencing of the para-type sodium channel gene from susceptible and kdr-resistant German cockroaches (Blattella germanica) and house fly (Musca domestica).

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Department of Environmental Toxicology, ITEH, University of California, Davis 95616, USA.


Using reverse transcription polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR), the DNA sequence for the main membrane-spanning region (IS3 through IVS6) of the gene encoding the alpha-subunit of the para sodium channel of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica, has been determined. The overall structure of the open reading frame region of this B. germanica gene is very similar to that of the para gene of Drosophila melanogaster, and that of the partially sequenced para gene of Musca domestica. On the other hand, it is distinctly different from that of the DSC gene (Drosophila sodium channel). As a result of a side-by-side comparison of the para gene sequences of the susceptible CSMA strain and the kdr resistant VT strain of B. germanica, one mutation (TTG to TTC) at the approximate center of the IIS6 membrane-spanning segment was found to result in an amino acid change from L to F. While the functional meaning of this mutation for the operation of the para sodium channel remains to be studied, this region is very highly conserved among all sodium channels identified so far, and is one of the most hydrophobic areas of the entire alpha-subunit. For comparison, we have studied the same region of the para sodium channel of both kdr and susceptible SBO strain of the housefly, Musca domestica. We found the homologous type of mutation, CTT to TTT, resulting in the same amino acid alteration (L to F) at this site. However, in the case of houseflies both kdr and susceptible strains contained both L and F versions of the protein. The ratio of TTT to CTT was significantly higher in the kdr strain of M. domestica than in the three susceptible strains examined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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