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Semin Pediatr Neurol. 1996 Mar;3(1):36-43.

Narcolepsy in children.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Saint Louis University Health Sciences Center, MO 63110, USA.

Abstract

Childhood narcolepsy is frequently under-diagnosed. Hypersomnolence may not always be accompanied by cataplexy, sleep paralysis, or hypnagogic hallucinations in the early stages. Pathophysiologic considerations revolve around an altered central nervous system catecholamine-acetylcholine balance. Both idiopathic and symptomatic forms have been described. Serial polysomnography and multiple sleep latency tests may be required to establish a definitive diagnosis. The long-term management requires the provision of both pharmacological and non-pharmacological forms of therapy.

PMID:
8795840
DOI:
10.1016/s1071-9091(96)80027-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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