Send to

Choose Destination
Anal Chem. 1996 Sep 1;68(17):2932-8.

Human norepinephrine transporter kinetics using rotating disk electrode voltammetry.

Author information

Department of Chemistry, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.


Rotating disk electrode (RDE) voltammetry is applied to the measurement of the transport of the catecholamine neurotransmitters norepinephrine (4-(2-amino-1-hydroxyethyl)-1,2-benzenediol, NE) and dopamine (3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine, DA) in suspensions of LLC-NET cells, a line of porcine kidney cells expressing the human norepinephrine transporter (hNET). Initial rate of transport was assessed by following the initial decrease in neurotransmitter after its addition to the cell suspension, as measured by the decrease in oxidation current at +0.45 V vs Ag/AgCl. The initial rate of norepinephrine uptake was saturable, with Vmax and KM of 197 +/- 17 amol min-1 cell-1 and 1.64 +/- 0.46 microM, respectively. The RDE method also allows observation of outward transport (efflux) of the DA or NE previously taken up by the cells. Outward transport was induced by the addition of either d-amphetamine (d-AMPH) or p-tyramine (4-hydroxyphenethylamine, p-TYR), which are also substrates for the NE transporter. The technique was also used to monitor accelerated NE uptake by cells preloaded with p-TYR, a phenomenon distinguishing carriers from channels. Together, these findings document the utility of RDE for the nonisotopic measurement of neurotransmitter influx and efflux from transfected mammalian cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center